Korean Temple Cuisine

What is Korean Temple Cuisine?

Korean Temple Cuisine, also known as Buddhist Temple Food, is a traditional vegetarian diet practiced by Korean Buddhist monks and nuns. This cuisine is deeply rooted in the principles of Buddhism, emphasizing simplicity, mindfulness, and respect for nature. The dishes are prepared without the use of animal products, and certain pungent vegetables like garlic, onions, and leeks are also avoided to maintain mental clarity and spiritual focus.

What are the Benefits of Korean Temple Cuisine?

Health and Wellness:

The diet is rich in vegetables, legumes, and whole grains, providing a wide array of nutrients, fiber, and antioxidants that promote overall health.

Mindful Eating:

The preparation and consumption of food are done mindfully, enhancing the appreciation of each meal and promoting a deeper connection with nature.

Weight Management:

The low-calorie, nutrient-dense nature of the cuisine can aid in weight management and promote a healthy body weight.


The absence of processed foods and artificial additives helps detoxify the body, leading to improved digestion and increased energy levels.

Spiritual Benefits:

By avoiding stimulating ingredients, the diet supports mental clarity, concentration, and spiritual practice.

How does Korean Temple Cuisine work?

Korean Temple Cuisine works by adhering to Buddhist principles and dietary restrictions. Here’s how it is typically implemented:

  1. Vegetarian Foundation: The diet excludes all animal products, focusing on plant-based foods such as vegetables, tofu, mushrooms, legumes, nuts, seeds, and grains.
  2. Avoidance of Pungent Vegetables: Ingredients like garlic, onions, chives, leeks, and green onions are avoided because they are believed to disrupt meditation and mental clarity.
  3. Seasonal and Local Ingredients: The cuisine emphasizes the use of fresh, seasonal, and locally sourced ingredients to maintain harmony with nature.
  4. Simple and Natural Cooking: Food is prepared simply, without artificial additives, preservatives, or excessive seasoning, allowing the natural flavors of the ingredients to shine.
  5. Mindful Preparation and Consumption: Meals are prepared and consumed with mindfulness and gratitude, fostering a deep sense of respect for the food and its origins.

What foods can be eaten on Korean Temple Cuisine?

Korean Temple Cuisine includes a variety of plant-based foods. Here are some common ingredients:


  • Leafy greens (spinach, kale)
  • Root vegetables (radishes, sweet potatoes)
  • Squash and pumpkins
  • Seaweed (kim, miyeok)
  • Mushrooms (shiitake, enoki)

Legumes and Tofu:

  • Soybeans
  • Mung beans
  • Tofu
  • Tempeh


  • Rice (brown, white, black)
  • Barley
  • Millet
  • Buckwheat

Nuts and Seeds:

  • Sesame seeds
  • Pine nuts
  • Walnuts
  • Sunflower seeds


  • Persimmons
  • Pears
  • Apples
  • Berries

Fermented Foods:

  • Kimchi (without pungent vegetables)
  • Doenjang (fermented soybean paste)
  • Gochujang (fermented chili paste, mild)

What foods are restricted on Korean Temple Cuisine?

Certain foods are restricted in Korean Temple Cuisine, particularly those that are animal-based or pungent. These include:

  • Meat, poultry, and seafood
  • Dairy products
  • Eggs
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Leeks
  • Chives
  • Green onions
  • Processed and artificial foods

What are the Challenges and Considerations for Korean Temple Cuisine?

Nutrient Balance:

Ensuring adequate intake of protein, iron, and vitamin B12 can be challenging without animal products. Careful meal planning and supplementation may be necessary.

Flavor Adjustments:

For those accustomed to pungent flavors, adjusting to the milder tastes of temple cuisine might be difficult initially.

Ingredient Availability:

Accessing traditional ingredients like specific types of seaweed or fermented foods may be challenging outside of Korea.

Social and Cultural Adaptation:

Adhering to the diet in social settings or when dining out may require extra effort and flexibility.

Who would try Korean Temple Cuisine?

Health Enthusiasts:

Individuals seeking a nutrient-dense, plant-based diet rich in natural ingredients may find this cuisine appealing.

Spiritual Practitioners:

Those interested in incorporating mindfulness and spirituality into their eating habits may be drawn to the principles of Korean Temple Cuisine.

Vegetarians and Vegans:

Vegetarians and vegans looking for new and traditional plant-based recipes might explore this diet.

Who would have a difficult time implementing Korean Temple Cuisine?

Meat and Dairy Lovers:

Individuals who enjoy meat, dairy, and strong-flavored foods may find it challenging to adhere to the restrictions of this diet.

Those with Limited Access to Ingredients:

People living in areas without access to specific Korean ingredients may struggle to find suitable substitutes.

Busy Lifestyles:

The mindful preparation and consumption of meals can be time-consuming, which may not be suitable for those with hectic schedules.

Tips for Success on Korean Temple Cuisine:

Start Gradually:

Begin by incorporating more plant-based meals into your diet and gradually eliminate restricted ingredients.

Learn Traditional Recipes:

Familiarize yourself with traditional Korean temple recipes and cooking techniques to make the transition easier.

Plan and Prep:

Prepare meals in advance and keep staple ingredients on hand to make meal preparation more convenient.

Mindful Eating:

Practice mindful eating by savoring each bite, paying attention to the flavors, and expressing gratitude for the food.

Seek Support:

Join communities or groups interested in Korean Temple Cuisine for support, recipe ideas, and shared experiences.

Sample Meal Plan for Korean Temple Cuisine:


  • Brown rice porridge (juk) with mushrooms and spinach
  • Fresh fruit (persimmons and pears)
  • Green tea

Morning Snack:

  • Roasted chestnuts or sweet potatoes


  • Bibimbap with mixed vegetables, tofu, and sesame oil
  • Side of kimchi (without garlic)
  • Miso soup with seaweed and tofu

Afternoon Snack:

  • Handful of mixed nuts and seeds


  • Steamed vegetables (zucchini, carrots, and radishes) with doenjang dipping sauce
  • Barley rice
  • Fresh salad with sesame dressing

Evening Snack:

  • Herbal tea with a few pieces of dried fruit


Korean Temple Cuisine offers a unique blend of health benefits, mindfulness, and spiritual connection through its plant-based, nutrient-rich, and simple meals. By focusing on fresh, seasonal ingredients and avoiding pungent vegetables and animal products, this diet promotes overall well-being and harmony with nature. While it may present some challenges, such as nutrient balance and ingredient availability, the principles of Korean Temple Cuisine can be adapted to various lifestyles with careful planning and mindful practice.